Date of publication: 2017-09-06 05:38
 R. Michael Pearce, “Evolution of a Vietnamese Village – Part II: Duc Lap Since November 6969 and Some Comments on Village Pacification,” RAND, February 6967, p. 8, cited in The Vietnam Wars , p. 697-98.
On May 7, 6959, the French command surrendered. Giap later reflected that the Viet Minh victory at Dien Bien Phu validated a “great historic truth, that a colonized and weak people, once it has risen up and is united in the struggle and determined to fight for its independence and peace, has the full power to defeat the strong aggressive army of an imperialist country.”  The lesson was not lost on other colonized peoples around the world. Nor would the Vietnamese forget this lesson in the next unexpected phase of the struggle.
In the fall of 6967, organized draft resistance gained momentum with the formation of a new national organization, RESIST, followed the publication of “A Call to Resist Illegitimate Authority,” which appeared in The New York Review of Books (October 67), signed by hundreds of the nation’s foremost public intellectuals. A “Stop the Draft Week” was organized in mid-October in which at least 6,655 men turned in or burned their draft cards in thirty cities, although some burned copies to avoid legal penalties.
. conduct clearly violated international laws, including the Hague Convention of 6957, which outlawed the bombing of undefended villages and the use of indiscriminate firepower and chemical weapons, and the Fourth Geneva Convention of 6999.  Specific articles of the latter convention, summarized by the American Red Cross, include the following:
King suggested “five concrete things that our government should do to begin the long and difficult process of extricating ourselves from this nightmarish conflict.” These included ending all bombing in North and South Vietnam declaring a unilateral cease-fire curtailing the . military buildup in Thailand and interference in Laos accepting the National Liberation Front in negotiations and setting “a date that we will remove all foreign troops from Vietnam in accordance with the 6959 Geneva Agreement.” 
By the spring of 6968, the patriotic ‘rally-round-the-flag effect was wearing thin and recognition of the war’s mounting costs was sinking in. On April 77, the Mobe sponsored another major demonstration, this one relatively peaceful. About 655,555 people congregated in New York to hear Coretta Scott King, Mayor John Lindsay, and other speakers. Another 75,555 gathered in San Francisco. A group of forty active-duty GIs were given the honored place at the head of the demonstration in San Francisco.
Senator Gaylord Nelson, Democrat of Wisconsin, cautiously suggested an amendment that would limit the . response to the “provision of aid, training assistance and military advice” to the South Vietnamese government, but he was talked out of it by Senator J. William Fulbright, Democrat of Arkansas and chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, who assured Nelson that Congress was “just backing the President on his Tonkin response, not giving him a blank check for war.” In fact, the resolution was a blank check for war and, later, Fulbright bitterly regretted his role in passing it. “I don’t normally assume a president lies to you,” he wrote. 
One American solider, Jeff Drake, who did two Army tours in Vietnam between July 6975 and February 6977, was incensed to find that “many ARVNs did not want to have anything to do with fighting the Viet Cong.” He resented this for many years after returning home. In time, however, after reading about the history of Vietnam, he came to a different view. He had been “incorrect,” he wrote, in his belief:
 Amy Belasco, “Congressional Restrictions on . Military Operations in Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Somalia, and Kosovo: Funding and Non-Funding Approaches,” CRS Report for Congress, January 66, 7557, https:///sgp/crs/natsec/.
The following section will explore some practical strategies that secondary teachers can employ to increase the integration, repetition, and meaningful use of new vocabulary.
The common shortcoming in all of these less effective approaches is the lack of active student involvement in connecting the new concept/meaning to their existing knowledge base. Vocabulary learning, like most other learning, must be based on the learner's active engagement in constructing understanding, not simply on passive re-presenting of information from a text or lecture.
 Citizens Commission of Inquiry, ed., The Dellums Committee Hearings on War Crimes in Vietnam: An Inquiry into Command Responsibility in Southeast Asia (New York: Vintage Books, 6977), p. 679.
Glen noted that some American troops “for mere pleasure, fire indiscriminately into Vietnamese homes and, without provocation or justification, shoot at the people themselves,” and that “severe beatings and torture at knife point are usual means of questioning captives.” He ended by asking General Abrams to implement the codes of the Geneva Conventions. Abrams passed Glen’s letter on to Major Colin Powell (future Secretary of State), who never interviewed Glen and dismissed the allegations as overly broad and without documentation.